Talking about technology is synonymous with speed. Not surprisingly, things in this sector happen very fast and every year we have applications and smartphones that make our lives easier. You should know, therefore, that the history of web design has not been different. Since the first website was created to this day, the changes have been abysmal. But the most interesting thing is that evolution and web development are constant.
History of Web Design
Although the first web server came online in August 1991, the truth is that the Internet was born in the 70s. Keep in mind that during this time the data transmission was not too fast, but it was quite efficient. This caused it to be used by doctors, teachers, scientists, government personnel, and even the military. In this way, information could be transferred within a specific group.
During this new season it was essential to have a computer, a modem and a telephone line. With the arrival of the 90s , Mosaic appeared , a free program that became the first commercial browser with which the public could access content online. It was designed by Eric Bina and Marc Andeesen and originally worked with the Unix system. Already in 1994 it was made available to more operating systems such as Windows or Mac. Do you want to know more?
In the 90s, in addition to the fact that everyone connected to the Internet through telephone lines, the files were viewed in html language . In this way, files and documents on the network could be easily accessed. The first sites had limited colors, a huge amount of text and graphics arranged linearly. These sites are known as "first generation sites". These versions of html were intended to have functional communication rather than entertainment, unlike what happens today. On the other hand, it would not have been possible to load high definition graphics and of course not videos. Can you imagine the reason? The connection speed was still very slow.
Html, the first generation in the world of web design
In the 1960s, Ted Nelson was commissioned to create the concept of hypertext , but it was not until several decades later that it began to be used. Starting in the 80s, Tim Berners Lee proposed a project that was based on html, creating in 1991 the first web page and the first browser, which he called httpd. There you could find details to create a website and tips to find information on it, since there were no search engines yet.
In 1994 the World Wide Web or www was born and html was the only way of coding for web design. But the truth is that there was not much freedom when designing them. Due to that, very simple designs could only be created with tables, texts and some links. But already at this time designers were thinking about how to make sites much more attractive.
To prevent the most powerful companies from monopolizing the entire web design business, the W3C was created . And it is that if only one company had existed to control the coding, the history of web design would have been very different. Even today, the W3C is responsible for organizing the standards, guidelines and coding to make a website of the highest quality. It is important to follow each of the guidelines that it imposes in order to optimize the sites in terms of quality and cleanliness of programming. This results in flawless operation. After Mosaic Netscape appeared in November 1994, which began to create its own tags and www followed.
The second generation
Between 1992 and 1994 html 2 appeared with a much faster connection and some web designers with more html options and more capabilities. The code has a greater number of graphics and more complexity is gained. An important advance occurs when some icons are used instead of words and websites begin to offer background images. The use of banners and buttons also appears , as well as the possibility of organizing the texts through lists and menus. Graphics cards improve resolution and color, leading to design quality. Do you want to keep moving forward?
The third generation
In 1995, more html tags appeared and, with them, the appearance of html 3 . Now there are more possibilities when designing a website, such as the use of tables and sheets with CSS style. In this same year, the controversial and popular Microsoft browser appeared: Internet Explorer . At this time, more possibilities are introduced to improve the aesthetics and the visual part of the design. These third-generation sites can now have color backgrounds and animation is introduced, with the birth of a new format known as gif. Consider that it is at this stage when the work of web designers begins to stand out. The pages are already designed according to the needs of each one of them. The design begins to adapt to its functions and the first advertising pages appear.
In 1996 came Flash and, with it, the freedom to design in a more impressive way, with the possibility of adding visual effects and breaking down barriers that until then existed within the world of page design. It was a dream come true thanks to a single tool. This era managed to mark a milestone, but with the passage of time, it became clear that the interactions and effects were not open for searches that were indexed with html; in addition, it consumed processing power, reasons for which with the passage of time it lost strength.
We tell you that it was in 1998 when the CSS boom began . This language became very popular thanks to its proposal, which separates the contents from the forms of presentations. Thus, in html the content is worked and in CSS the appearance and format are defined. Its evolution process was delayed for several years to achieve its best results. And it is that at first the visualization was changing depending on the browser that was used, something that made the work of the developers difficult.
The fourth generation of websites
In fact, in 2003 the age of information based on any user began. The web 2.0 , along with blogs and social networks are very popular. Its interfaces are much more visually pleasing and it enters a more evolved phase as far as web design is concerned. It is the moment when you start to think about both search engines and users.
We could add a fifth generation that would represent the popularity of online television pages . Also the rise of Cloud Computing represented by operating systems, applications such as text editors, etc., in the cloud. Take note: html 5 is the revision of this language that is used today. New tags are introduced that improve the semantics of the documents such as article, header or section . Thanks to these improvements, certain plugins are less necessary extras like Java and Flash. It is the solution to most of the problems and syntax errors encountered so far. In addition, it is compatible with different browsers such as Apple Safari, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome or Internet Explorer.